Mandad S, Rahman RU, Centeno TP, Vidal RO, Wildhagen H, Rammner B, Keihani S, Opazo F, Urban I, Ischebeck T, Kirli K, Benito E, Fischer A, Yousefi RY, Dennerlein S, Rehling P, Feussner I, Urlaub H, Bonn S, Rizzoli SO, Fornasiero EF
Sci Rep. 2018 Nov 15;8(1):16913.
The homeostasis of the proteome depends on the tight regulation of the mRNA and protein abundances, of the translation rates, and of the protein lifetimes. Results from several studies on prokaryotes or eukaryotic cell cultures have suggested that protein homeostasis is connected to, and perhaps regulated by, the protein and the codon sequences. However, this has been little investigated for mammals in vivo. Moreover, the link between the coding sequences and one critical parameter, the protein lifetime, has remained largely unexplored, both in vivo and in vitro. We tested this in the mouse brain, and found that the percentages of amino acids and codons in the sequences could predict all of the homeostasis parameters with a precision approaching experimental measurements. A key predictive element was the wobble nucleotide. G-/C-ending codons correlated with higher protein lifetimes, protein abundances, mRNA abundances and translation rates than A-/U-ending codons. Modifying the proportions of G-/C-ending codons could tune these parameters in cell cultures, in a proof-of-principle experiment. We suggest that the coding sequences are strongly linked to protein homeostasis in vivo, albeit it still remains to be determined whether this relation is causal in nature.