A second cohort of CHD3 patients expands the molecular mechanisms known to cause Snijders Blok-Campeau syndrome


Drivas TG, Li D, Nair D, Alaimo JT, Alders M, Altmuller J, Barakat TS, Bebin EM, Bertsch NL, Blackburn PR, Blesson A, Bouman AM, Brockmann K, Brunelle P, Burmeister M, Cooper GM, Denecke J, … Wollnik B, et al.


European Journal of Human Genetics


Eur J Hum Genet Online ahead of print


There has been one previous report of a cohort of patients with variants in Chromodomain Helicase DNA-binding 3 (CHD3), now recognized as Snijders Blok-Campeau syndrome. However, with only three previously-reported patients with variants outside the ATPase/helicase domain, it was unclear if variants outside of this domain caused a clinically similar phenotype. We have analyzed 24 new patients with CHD3 variants, including nine outside the ATPase/helicase domain. All patients were detected with unbiased molecular genetic methods. There is not a significant difference in the clinical or facial features of patients with variants in or outside this domain. These additional patients further expand the clinical and molecular data associated with CHD3 variants. Importantly we conclude that there is not a significant difference in the phenotypic features of patients with various molecular disruptions, including whole gene deletions and duplications, and missense variants outside the ATPase/helicase domain. This data will aid both clinical geneticists and molecular geneticists in the diagnosis of this emerging syndrome.


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