Kettwig M, Klemp H, Nessler S, Streit F, Krätzner R, Rosewich H, Gärtner J
Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
J Inherit Metab Dis 2021 Apr 14.
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is the most common leukodystrophy. Despite intensive research in recent years, it remains unclear, what drives the different clinical disease courses. Due to this missing pathophysiological link, therapy for the childhood cerebral disease course of X-ALD (CCALD) remains symptomatic; the allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation or hematopoietic stem-cell gene therapy is an option for early disease stages. The inclusion of dried blood spot (DBS) C26:0-lysophosphatidylcholine to newborn screening in an increasing number of countries is leading to an increasing number of X-ALD patients diagnosed at risk for CCALD. Current follow-up in asymptomatic boys with X-ALD requires repetitive cerebral MRIs under sedation. A reliable and easily accessible biomarker that predicts CCALD would therefore be of great value. Here we report the application of targeted metabolomics by AbsoluteIDQ p180-Kit from Biocrates to search for suitable biomarkers in X-ALD. LysoPC a C20:3 and lysoPC a C20:4 were identified as metabolites that indicate neuroinflammation after induction of experimental autoimmune encephalitis in the serum of Abcd1tm1Kds mice. Analysis of serum from X-ALD patients also revealed different concentrations of these lipids at different disease stages. Further studies in a larger cohort of X-ALD patient sera are needed to prove the diagnostic value of these lipids for use as early biomarkers for neuroinflammation in CCALD patients.