Teiwes NK, Mey I, Baumann PC, Strieker L, Unkelbach U, Steinem C
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2021 Jun 9;13(22):25805-25812.
Giant plasma membrane vesicles (GPMVs) are a highly promising model system for the eukaryotic plasma membrane. The unresolved challenge, however, is a path to surface-based structures that allows accessibility to both sides of the plasma membrane through high-resolution techniques. Such an approach would pave the way to advanced chip-based technologies for the analysis of complex cell surfaces to study the roles of membrane proteins, host-pathogen interactions, and many other bioanalytical and sensing applications. This study reports the generation of planar supported plasma membranes and for the first-time pore-spanning plasma membranes (PSPMs) derived from pure GPMVs that are spread on activated solid and highly ordered porous silicon substrates. GPMVs were produced by two different vesiculation agents and were first investigated with respect to their growth behavior and phase separation. Second, these GPMVs were spread onto silicon substrates to form planar supported plasma membrane patches. PSPMs were obtained by spreading of pure GPMVs on oxygen-plasma activated porous substrates with pore diameters of 3.5 μm. Fluorescence micrographs unambiguously showed that the PSPMs partially phase separate in a mobile ordered phase surrounded by a disordered phase, which was supported by cholesterol extraction using methyl-β-cyclodextrin.