Lysinuric protein intolerance caused by a homozygous SLC7A7 deletion and presented with hyperferritinemia and osteoporosis in two siblings


Kalay I, Aykut H, Caliskan Z, Yigit G, Wollnik B


Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports


Mol Genet Metab Rep. 2023 Nov 16;37:101022.


Lysinuric protein intolerance (LPI) is a rare, inherited aminoaciduria caused by biallelic pathogenic variants in the amino acid transporter gene SLC7A7 (OMIM *603593). Individuals with LPI show extreme variability in their clinical presentation, and LPI is included in the differential diagnosis of several disorders such as urea cycle disorders, lysosomal storage diseases, malabsorption diseases, autoimmune disorders, hemochromatosis, and osteoporosis. The phenotypic variability of LPI and the lack of a specific clinical presentation have caused various misdiagnoses. Here, we report two siblings diagnosed in their 4th decade of life with LPI, manifesting rare hyperferritinemia. Additionally, they presented with short stature, multiple bone fractures due to osteoporosis, and they showed an aversion to protein-rich food. Using a combination of exome sequencing, microarray analysis and qPCR, we identified a novel homozygous deletion in SLC7A7 encompassing exons 3 to 10, which is predicted to lead to disruption of SLC7A7 function. This is the first report of lysinuric protein intolerance in a Turkish family associated with this so far unknown deletion in SLC7A7.


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