Zhang Y, Dijkman PM, Zou R, Zandl-Lang M, Sanchez RM, Eckhardt-Strelau L, Köfeler H, Vogel H, Yuan S, Kudryashev M
Nat Commun. 2021 Feb 16;12(1):1074.
Pentameric ligand-gated ion channels (pLGICs) of the Cys-loop receptor family are key players in fast signal transduction throughout the nervous system. They have been shown to be modulated by the lipid environment, however the underlying mechanism is not well understood. We report three structures of the Cys-loop 5-HT3A serotonin receptor (5HT3R) reconstituted into saposin-based lipid bilayer discs: a symmetric and an asymmetric apo state, and an asymmetric agonist-bound state. In comparison to previously published 5HT3R conformations in detergent, the lipid bilayer stabilises the receptor in a more tightly packed, ‘coupled’ state, involving a cluster of highly conserved residues. In consequence, the agonist-bound receptor conformation adopts a wide-open pore capable of conducting sodium ions in unbiased molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Taken together, we provide a structural basis for the modulation of 5HT3R by the membrane environment, and a model for asymmetric activation of the receptor.