A role for astrocytic miR-129-5p in Frontotemporal Dementia


Kaurani L, Pradhan R, Schröder S, Burkhardt S, Schuetz AL, Krüger DM, Pena T, Heutink P, Sananbenesi F, Fischer A




bioRxiv 2024.04.15.589528.


Frontotemporal dementia is a debilitating neurodegenerative disorder characterized by frontal and temporal lobe degeneration, resulting in behavioral changes, language difficulties, and cognitive decline. In this study, smallRNA sequencing was conducted on postmortem brain tissues obtained from FTD patients with GRN, MAPT, or C9ORF72 mutations, focusing on the frontal and temporal lobes. Our analysis identified miR-129-5p as consistently deregulated across all mutation conditions and brain regions. Functional investigations revealed a novel role of miR-129-5p in astrocytes, where its loss led to neuroinflammation and impaired neuronal support functions, including reduced glutamate uptake. Depletion of miR-129-5p in astrocytes resulted in the loss of neuronal spines and altered neuronal network activity. These findings highlight miR-129-5p as a potential therapeutic target in neurodegenerative diseases and also sheds light on the role of astrocytes in Frontotemporal dementia pathogenesis.